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Today in History

• In 1793, President George Washington laid the cornerstone of the U.S. Capitol.
• In 1810, Chile made its initial declaration of independence from Spain with the forming of a national junta.
• In 1927, the Columbia Phonograph Broadcasting System (later CBS) made its on-air debut with a basic network of 16 radio stations.
• In 1931, an explosion in the Chinese city of Mukden damaged a section of Japanese-owned railway track; Japan, blaming Chinese nationalists, invaded Manchuria the next day.
• In 1959, during his U.S. tour, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev visited Wall Street, the Empire State Building and the grave of President Franklin D. Roosevelt; in a speech to the U.N. General Assembly, Khrushchev called on all countries to disarm.
• In 1961, United Nations Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold (dahg HAWM’-ahr-shoold) was killed in a plane crash in northern Rhodesia.
• In 1970, rock star Jimi Hendrix died in London at age 27.
• In 1975, newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst was captured by the FBI in San Francisco, 19 months after being kidnapped by the Symbionese Liberation Army.
• In 1981, a museum honoring former President Gerald R. Ford was dedicated in Grand Rapids, Michigan.
• In 1987, the psychological thriller “Fatal Attraction,” starring Michael Douglas and Glenn Close, was released by Paramount Pictures.
• In 1990, the city of Atlanta was named the site of the 1996 Summer Olympics.